Chemistry Tuition

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If you are 10 to 20% behind in the syllabus by CA1, now would be a good time to hire a professional tutor so that by SA1 or CA2, you would have caught up or even completed this year’s syllabus.
This gives you enough time to revise and practice the more challenging and demanding questions.
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LIFE IS VERY COMPETITIVE

Whether you are in primary school, the Express/IP/IB streams - you need to score higher marks

Exams will be a huge struggle once you fall behind in the syllabus

Before you let that happen, you MUST catch up and be thoroughly familiar with the breadth and depth that is required during your exams

Transform your understanding of the complex syllabus
Make sure that what you are studying now is actually really aligned to the MOE exam requirements

The wrong study skills will erode your ability to answer the questions the way that the exam marker expects you to, in order to score that A - especially when your classmates, schoolmates or students from other schools are able to give those correct answers

Answer According To What The Exam Markers Expect From You

Your Grades Will Determine Which Class, School, Junior College/Polytechnic, and University You Will Be Accepted Into

1

Each Tutor Has 2 to Over 30 Years Of Teaching Experience

MOE Teachers, PhD, Master’s, Experienced Undergraduates, Graduated Tutors.
The 4 to 10 tutor profiles we show you have been carefully shortlisted for relevant tutoring experience. 

2

Competent Tuition Teachers

We accept tutor applications only if they have scored A’s in the subject(s) they teach. So that our students will be taught the correct content.

3

Reliable Study Methods, So That Your Grades Will Quickly Improve

Our clients have no time to lose. Our tutors teach only proven techniques using the latest MOE syllabus, so that we can help your grades improve within 4 lessons.

4

Latest MOE Syllabus & Exam Requirements

We are focused on what is relevant and important for you to quickly understand what you really need to know, to thoroughly prepare.
Getting that A is not elusive. It is achievable.

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37,000 Experienced Tutors
Current/Former MOE Teachers, Tutors With Proven Track Records, PhD/Master's/Post-Doctoral Tutors, Graduated/Undergraduate Reliable Tutors

Ms LH has 14 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Master’s in Materials Chemistry from NUS. Her Bachelor’s in Nanoscience Chemistry was from NUS (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms LH wrote the Chemistry secondary school and junior college curriculum content for a group of tuition centres, where she taught for 7 years. Ms LP’s home tuition students attended CHIJ St Theresa’s Convent, Catholic High School, Yusof Ishak Secondary School, Raffles Institution (Secondary) Integrated Programme, Jurong Pioneer Junior College, and St Andrew’s Junior College.

Mr YT has 5 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering from NTU (Honours). Mr YT taught at a leading tuition centre for 2 years. His private tuition students attended Tanglin Secondary School, Bowen Secondary School, Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary), Temasek Junior College, Yishun Innova Junior College, and Victoria Junior College.

Mr DF has 16 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a PhD in Chemistry from Oxford University. Mr DF’s Bachelor’s in Analytical Chemistry was from NUS (First Class Honours). Mr DF’s private tuition students attended St Joseph’s Institution, Singapore Chinese Girls’ Secondary School Integrated Programme, NUS High School of Mathematics and Science, National Junior College, Eunoia Junior College, and Hwa Chong Institution.

Ms EH has 10 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering from NTU. Ms EH taught at a tuition centre for 3 years. Her private tuition students attended Tampines Secondary School, Anglo-Chinese School (Independent), Zhenghua Secondary School, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, National Junior College, and Tampines Meridian Junior College.

Ms ST has 6 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She is NIE-trained and taught at MOE schools for 7 years. Ms ST’s Bachelor’s in Chemistry was from NUS (Honours). Her home tuition students attended St Andrew’s Secondary School, Loyang View Secondary School, Sembawang Secondary School, Nanyang Girls’ High School Integrated Programme, Naval Base Secondary School, and Victoria School.

Mr BN has 13 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He was a Post-doctoral Fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). His PhD in Chemistry was from MIT, and his Bachelor’s in Medicinal Chemistry was from NUS (First Class Honours). Mr BN’s home tuition students attended River Valley High School Integrated Programme, Paya Lebar Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary), Nanyang Girls’ High School Integrated Programme, Anglo-Chinese Junior College, Victoria Junior College, and Dunman High School.

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37,000 Experienced Tutors
Current/Former MOE Teachers, Tutors With Proven Track Records, PhD/Master's/Post-Doctoral Tutors, Graduated/Undergraduate Reliable Tutors

Mr ST has 5 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry from NTU. Mr ST was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years. Mr ST’s home tuition students attended Christ Church Secondary School, Kuo Chuan Presbyterian Secondary School, Singapore Chinese Girls’ School, Anglo-Chinese Junior College, Nanyang Junior College, and River Valley High School.

Ms HP has 16 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Master’s in Chemistry from NUS. Her Bachelor’s in Biochemical Engineering was from NTU (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms LK was Head of Science at a group of tuition centres, where she taught for 8 years. Ms HP’s private tuition students attended Chua Chu Kang Secondary School, Fuchun Secondary School, Hai Sing Catholic School, Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary) IB programme, Dunman High School, and Tampines Meridian Junior College.

Mr KM has 4 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He is NIE-trained, and taught at MOE schools for 11 years. Mr KM has a Bachelor’s in Environment and Energy Chemistry from NUS. His private tuition students attended Westwood Secondary School, Springfield Secondary School, Nan Chiau High School, St Anthony’s Canossian Secondary School, Paya Lebar Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary), and Ngee Ann Secondary School.

Ms KGE has 8 years of Chemistry tuition. She has a Bachelor’s in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering from NTU (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms KGE was an MOE contract teacher for 3 years. Her private tuition students attended CHIJ Secondary (Toa Payoh), Fairfield Methodist School (Secondary), Riverside Secondary School, Tampines Meridian Junior College, St Joseph’s Institution, and Nanyang Junior College.

Ms SC has 7  years of Chemistry tuition experience. She is NIE-trained, and taught at junior colleges for 7 years. Ms IC has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry and Biological Chemistry from NTU (Honours). Her private tuition students attended Yishun Innova Junior College, National Junior College, Hwa Chong Institution, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, Catholic Junior College, and River Valley High School.

Mr NM has 4 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry from NUS. Mr NM taught at a tuition centre for 1 year. His home tuition students attended Queensway Secondary School, Tanjong Katong Girls’ School, Cedar Girls’ Secondary School Integrated Programme, Temasek Junior College, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, and Catholic Junior College.

Mr AHN has 10 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He is NIE-trained, and taught at a junior college for 6 years. Mr AHN has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry from NUS (Honours). His home tuition students attended River Valley High School, Yishun Innova Junior College, Eunoia Junior College, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, Victoria Junior College, and National Junior College.

Ms CS has 3 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering, and taught at a tuition centre for 2 years. Ms CS’s private tuition students attended CHIJ St Nicholas Girls’ School, Yishun Secondary School, Swiss Cottage Secondary School, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, St Andrew’s Junior College, and Victoria Junior College.

Mr SP has 11 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a PhD in Chemistry from Imperial College London. Mr SP’s Bachelor’s in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering was from NUS (First Class Honours). Mr SP taught at tuition centres for 7 years. His private tuition students attended Crescent Girls’ School, Bowen Secondary School, Anglo-Chinese School (Barker Road), Hwa Chong Institution, Raffles Institution, and National Junior College.

Ms GA has 4 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering from NTU. Ms GA was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years and taught at tuition centres for 5 years. Ms GA’s private tuition students attended Fuchun Secondary School, Naval Base Secondary School, CHIJ St Nicholas Girls’ School, Anglo-Chinese Junior College, Jurong Pioneer Junior College, and Victoria Junior College.

Ms SPC has 10 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Master’s in Chemistry from Northwestern University. Her Bachelor’s in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering was from NTU (First Class Honours). Ms SPC was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years and taught at leading tuition centres for 9 years. Ms SD’s private tuition students attended St Gabriel’s Secondary School, Victoria School Integrated Programme, Hai Sing Catholic School, Anglo-Chinese Junior College, National Junior College, and Raffles Institution.

Ms IW has 6 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Master’s in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering from NTU. Her Bachelor’s in Chemistry was from NTU (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms IW was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years. Her private tuition students attended Juying Secondary School, Deyi Secondary School, Raffles Girls’ School (Secondary) Integrated Programme, Singapore Chinese Girls’ Secondary School Integrated Programme, Eunoia Junior College, and Hwa Chong Institution.

Mr SG has 3 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry from NUS. Mr SG’s private tuition students attended Paya Lebar Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary), Bedok South Secondary School, Commonwealth Secondary School, Guangyang Secondary School, Loyang View Secondary School, and Anglo-Chinese Junior College.

Mr AN has 10 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry and Biological Chemistry from NTU (Honours). Mr AN’s home tuition students attended CHIJ St Nicholas Girls’ School Integrated Programme, Holy Innocents’ High School, Yuhua Secondary School, Catholic Junior College, St Joseph’s Institution, and Victoria Junior College.

Ms DY has 14 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering from NTU (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms DY was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years and taught at tuition centres for 7 years. Ms DY’s private tuition students attended Ping Yi Secondary School, Unity Secondary School, CHIJ St Nicholas Girls’ School, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, Dunman High School, and National Junior College.

Ms HW has 7 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a PhD in Chemistry from Princeton University. Ms HW’s Bachelor’s in Materials Chemistry was from NUS (First Class Honours). Her home tuition students attended Singapore Chinese Girls’ School. Raffles Girls’ School (Secondary) Integrated Programme, Montfort Secondary School, National Junior College, Hwa Chong Institution, and Dunman High School.

Mr LT has 14 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry from NTU. Mr LT was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years, and taught at tuition centres for 5 years. Mr LT’s private tuition students attended Serangoon Garden Secondary School, New Town Secondary School, Catholic High School, Eunoia Junior College, Catholic Junior College, and Raffles Institution.

Mr DC has 9 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Biomedical Engineering from NTU (Honours). Mr DC’s home  tuition students attended Bartley Secondary School, Cedar Girls’ Secondary School, Evergreen Secondary School, St Andrew’s Junior College, River Valley High School, and Yishun Innova Junior College.

Ms SE has 12 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She is NIE-trained, and taught at MOE schools for 12 years. Ms SE’s Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering was from NTU (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms GY’s private tuition students attended Jurongville Secondary School, Damai Secondary School, CHIJ St Theresa’s Convent, Kuo Chuan Presbyterian Secondary School, NUS High School of Mathematics and Science, and Singapore Chinese Girls’ Secondary School Integrated Programme.

Ms DT has 8 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in Biochemical Engineering from NTU. Ms DT taught at a tuition centre for 4 years. Her home tuition students attended St Hilda’s Secondary School, Meridian Secondary School, Hougang Secondary School, Nanyang Junior College, Temasek Junior College, and Eunoia Junior College.

Mr KHC has 10 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Master’s in Chemistry from the California Institute of Technology. Mr KHC’s Bachelor’s in Materials Chemistry was from NUS (First Class Honours). His home tuition students attended CHIJ St Nicholas Girls’ School, Catholic High School, Anglo-Chinese School (Barker Road), Hwa Chong Institution, Raffles Institution, and National Junior College.

Mr KPA has 8 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Master’s in Biomolecular and Biomedical Sciences from NUS. His Bachelor’s in Chemistry was from Princeton University. Mr KPA’s private tuition students attended Dunman High School Integrated Programme, Maris Stella High School, Nanyang Girls’ High School Integrated Programme, Raffles Girls’ School (Secondary) Integrated Programme, St Gabriel’s Secondary School, and Victoria School Integrated Programme.

Ms FM has 7 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She is NIE-trained and taught at MOE schools for 6 years. Ms FM has a Bachelor’s in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering from NTU (2nd Upper Class Honours). Her home tuition students attended Maris Stella High School, CHIJ St Joseph’s Convent, Peicai Secondary School, Northland Secondary School, Marsiling Secondary School, and Jurong West Secondary School.

Ms HG has 10 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in Chemistry from NUS. Ms HG’s home tuition students attended Kent Ridge Secondary School, Gan Eng Seng School, River Valley High School Integrated Programme, Nanyang Junior College, Anglo-Chinese Junior College, and St Andrew’s Junior College.

Mr GC has 6 years of Chemistry tuition  experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Materials Chemistry from NUS (2nd Upper Class Honours). Mr GC taught at a leading tuition centre for 2 years. His private tuition students attended Raffles Girls’ School (Secondary), Ngee Ann Secondary School, Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary), Anglo-Chinese Junior College, Temasek Junior College, and Victoria Junior College.

Ms TMH has 7 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Master’s in Chemical Engineering Sciences from NUS, and a Bachelor’s in Analytical Chemistry from NUS (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms TMH’s private tuition students attended St Andrew’s Secondary School, Victoria School, Dunman High School Integrated Programme, National Junior College, Eunoia Junior College, and Anglo-Chinese Junior College.

Ms LF has 14 years of Chemistry tutoring experience. She was an MOE contract teacher for 2 years. Ms LF has a PhD in Applied Chemistry from NUS. Her Bachelor’s in Chemistry was from NUS (First Class Honours). Ms LF’s private tuition students attended NUS High School of Mathematics and Science, Singapore Chinese Girls’ Secondary School, St Joseph’s Institution, Victoria Junior College, Raffles Institution, and Hwa Chong Institution.

Mr LMA has 6 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in Biomedical Engineering from NTU. His home tuition students attended Bowen Secondary School, Clementi Town Secondary School, Crescent Girls’ School, Dunman High School, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, and St Andrew’s Junior College.

Ms HP has 9 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Master’s in Biomolecular and Biomedical Sciences from NUS. Her Bachelor’s in Medicinal Chemistry was from NUS (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms HP’s private tuition students attended St Anthony’s Canossian Secondary School, River Valley High School Integrated Programme, Anglican High School, Eunoia Junior College, Tampines Meridian Junior College, and Jurong Pioneer Junior College.

Ms PC has 10 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She was Head of Science at a group of leading tuition centres where she taught for 6 years. Ms PC has a Bachelor’s in Biochemistry from NUS (First Class Honours). Her private tuition students attended Yuan Ching Secondary School, Anglo-Chinese School (Independent), St Margaret’s Secondary School, Tampines Meridian Junior College, Hwa Chong Institution, and Eunoia Junior College.

Ms PH has 7 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering, and taught at a tuition centre for 2 years. Ms PH’s private tuition students attended CHIJ St Nicholas Girls’ School, Yishun Secondary School, Swiss Cottage Secondary School, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, St Andrew’s Junior College, and Victoria Junior College.

Ms CKL has 12 years of Chemistry tuition experience. She was an MOE contract teacher for 3 years and taught at a tuition centre for 5 years. Ms CKL has a Master’s in Chemistry from NUS and a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering from NTU (2nd Upper Class Honours). Ms CKL’s home tuition students attended Tanjong Katong Girls’ School,  Anglo-Chinese School (Barker Road), Kuo Chuan Presbyterian Secondary School, Catholic Junior College, Raffles Institution, and Temasek Junior College.

Mr KJG has 8 years of Chemistry tuition experience. He taught at MOE schools for 5 years and is NIE-trained. Mr KJG has a Bachelor’s in Chemical Engineering from NUS (2nd Upper Class Honours). His private tuition students attended CHIJ St Theresa’s Convent, Fairfield Methodist School (Secondary), Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary) IB programme, St Andrew’s Junior College, Nanyang Junior College, and Anderson Serangoon Junior College.

Tuition Rates

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PRIMARY 1-3

$30-$60/hr

PRIMARY 4-6

$30-$65/hr

SECONDARY 1-2

$35-$80/hr

SECONDARY 3-5

$40-$90/hr

Junior College

$50-$120/hr

University-Level

$60-$120/hr
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Your Chemistry tuition teacher will clearly explain to you:

  • Scarcity as the Central Economic Problem
  • Scarcity, choice and resource allocation
  • Concept of scarcity and the inevitability of choices by economic agents (consumers, producers and governments)
  • Concept of opportunity cost and the nature of trade-offs in the allocation of resources
  • Understanding objectives of economic agents
  • Positive and normative economics
  • Solid-solid
  • Solid-liquid
  • Liquid-liquid (miscible and immiscible)
  • Paper chromatograms including comparison with ‘known’ samples and the use of Rf values
  • Use locating agents in the chromatography of colourless compounds
  • Melting point and boiling point data the identities of substances and their purity
  • Kinetic particle theory
  • Atomic structure
  • Structure and properties of materials
  • Ionic bonding
  • Covalent bonding
  • Metallic bonding
  • The relative charges and approximate relative masses of a proton, a neutron and an electron
  • The structure of an atom as containing protons and neutrons
  • (nucleons) in the nucleus and electrons arranged in shells (energy levels)
  • Proton (atomic) number and nucleon (mass) number
  • Isotopes
  • The numbers of protons, neutrons and electrons in atoms and ions given proton and nucleon numbers
  • Formation of a covalent bond by the sharing of a pair of electrons in order to gain the electronic configuration of a noble gas
  • The arrangement of electrons in other covalent molecules
  • The physical properties (including electrical property) of covalent substances to their structure and bonding
  • Metals as a lattice of positive ions in a ‘sea of electrons’
  • Electrical conductivity of metals to the mobility of the electrons in the structure
  • Cations: linked to the reactivity series
  • Anions: halides, hydroxides and sulfates (e.g. aqueous copper(II) sulfate and dilute sodium chloride solution (as essentially the electrolysis of water))
  • Concentration effects (as in the electrolysis of concentrated and dilute aqueous sodium chloride)
  • Electrolysis of aqueous copper(II) sulfate with copper electrodes as a means of purifying copper
  • The electroplating of metals, e.g. copper plating
  • Enthalpy change in terms of exothermic (∆H negative) and endothermic
  • (∆H positive) reactions
  • Energy changes by energy profile diagrams, including reaction enthalpy changes and activation energies
  • Bond breaking as an endothermic process and bond making as an exothermic process
  • Overall enthalpy changes in terms of the energy changes associated with the breaking and making of covalent bonds
  • Hydrogen, derived from water or hydrocarbons, as a potential fuel, reacting with oxygen to generate electricity directly in a fuel cell
  • Effect of concentration, pressure, particle size and temperature on the speeds of reactions and explain these effects in terms of collisions between reacting particles
  • The term catalyst and describe the effect of catalysts (including enzymes) on the speeds of reactions
  • Pathways with lower activation energies account for the increase in speeds of reactions
  • Formation of amines as exemplified by ethylamine (through amide and nitrile reduction
  • Basicity of primary, secondary and tertiary amines in the gaseous phase
  • (interpret as Lewis bases)
  • Relative basicities of ammonia, ethylamine and phenylamine in aqueous medium
  • Reaction of phenylamine with aqueous bromine
  • Delocalisation of the lone pair of electrons on nitrogen
  • Hydrolysis on treatment with aqueous alkali or acid
  • Reduction to amines with lithium aluminium hydride
  • Acid/base properties of amino acids and the formation of zwitterions
  • Predict qualitatively how the value of an electrode potential varies with the concentration of the aqueous ion
  • Predict the identity of the substance liberated during electrolysis from the state of electrolyte (molten or aqueous), position in the redox series (electrode potential) and concentration
  • Transition element, in terms of d block elements forming one or more stable ions with partially filled d subshells
  • Electronic configuration of a first row transition element and its ions
  • Atomic radii and first ionisation energies of the transition elements are relatively invariant
  • Contrast, qualitatively, the melting point and density of the transition elements with those of calcium as a typical s block element
  • Tendency of transition elements to have variable oxidation states
  • From a given electronic configuration, the likely oxidation states of a transition element
  • Ligand and complex as exemplified by the complexes of copper(II) ions with water, ammonia and chloride ions as ligands
  • Energy levels in octahedral complexes
  • Use calculators to evaluate logarithms, squares, square roots, and reciprocals
  • Estimate orders of magnitude
  • Determine and interpret the slope and intercept of a linear graph
  • Choose by inspection a straight line that will serve as the ‘least bad’ linear model for a set of data presented graphically
  • Understand (i) the slope of a tangent to a curve as a measure of rate of change, (ii) the ‘area’ below a curve
  • where the area has physical significance, e.g. Boltzmann distribution curves
  • Comprehend how to handle numerical work so that significant figures are neither lost unnecessarily nor used beyond what is justified
  • Alkanes (exemplified by ethane)
  • Free-radical substitution reactions
  • Alkenes (exemplified by ethene)
  • Electrophilic addition, including Markovnikov’s rule
  • Reduction and oxidation reactions
  • Arenes (exemplified by benzene and methylbenzene)
  • Influence of delocalised π electrons on structure and properties
  • Electrophilic substitution reactions
  • Oxidation of side-chain
  • Hydrocarbons as fuels
  • General unreactivity of alkanes, including towards polar reagents
  • Chemistry of alkanes as exemplified by the following reactions of ethane
  • Combustion
  • Free-radical substitution by chlorine and by bromine
  • Free-radical substitution with particular reference to the initiation,
  • propagation and termination reactions
  • General reactivity of alkenes towards electrophilic reagents/electrophiles
  • Chemistry of alkenes
  • Electrophilic addition of water/steam, hydrogen halides and halogens
  • Reduction via catalytic hydrogenation (catalytic addition of hydrogen)
  • Oxidation by cold, alkaline solution of manganate(VII) ions to form the diol
  • Oxidation by hot, acidified solution of manganate(VII) ions leading to the rupture of the carbon-to-carbon double bond in order to determine the position of alkene linkages in larger molecules
  • Markovnikov’s rule, hydrogen halides to unsymmetrical alkenes, composition of products, stability of carbocation intermediates
  • Delocalisation of π electrons, the difference between benzene and alkene:
  • Reactivity towards electrophiles
  • Preference of benzene to undergo substitution rather than addition reaction
  • Chemistry of the benzene ring as exemplified by the following reactions of benzene and methylbenzene
  • Electrophilic substitution reactions with chlorine and with bromine
  • The use of Lewis acid as catalysts
  • Nitration with concentrated nitric acid
  • Friedel-Crafts alkylation with halogenoalkanes
  • Mechanism of electrophilic substitution in arenes, using the mono-bromination of benzene
  • Delocalisation of electrons in arenes in such reactions
  • Chemistry of the alkyl side-chain of benzene ring as exemplified by the following reactions of methylbenzene
  • Free-radical substitution by chlorine and by bromine
  • Complete oxidation to give benzoic acid
  • Predict whether halogenation will occur in the side-chain or aromatic nucleus in arenes depending on reaction conditions
  • Positions of substitution in the electrophilic substitution reactions of monosubstituted arenes
  • Carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen and unburnt hydrocarbons arising from the internal combustion engine and of their catalytic removal
  • Gases that contribute to the enhanced greenhouse effect
  • Petroleum is a finite resource and the importance of recycling
  • Halogenoalkanes
  • Nucleophilic substitution
  • Relative strength of the C-Hal bond
  • Unreactivity of halogenoarenes
  • Chemistry of halogenoalkanes
  • Nucleophilic substitution reactions of bromoethane: hydrolysis; formation of nitriles; formation of primary amines by reaction with ammonia
  • Elimination of hydrogen bromide from 2-bromopropane
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